The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and other 10 government departments jointly issued guidelines to further improve the service and guarantee capacity of electric vehicle charging infrastructure, specifying that by the end of the 14th Five-Year Plan, China will have formed a moderately advanced, balanced, intelligent and efficient charging infrastructure system that can meet the charging needs of more than 20 million electric vehicles.
The number of public and private charging piles in China totaled 2.617 million by the end of 2021, up 70.1 percent year-on-year, according to the China Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Promotion Alliance (THE Alliance). Tong Zongqi, director of the information Department of the alliance, said that China's charging infrastructure is rapidly spreading, and there will be a major breakthrough in 2022, and the service capability will be the core of the future competition in the charging infrastructure industry.
Data show that in 2021, China's cars equipped with charging piles will increase by 597,000 units, up 323.9% year-on-year, more than three times. Private charging pile is convenient to use, and charging price is charged according to the civil electricity price standard of "metered users", which is relatively more favorable. Cui Dongshu, secretary-general of China Passenger Car Market Information Association, believes that home charging is the development trend, and the overall structure of future charging infrastructure should be dominated by private charging piles, supplemented by public charging piles.
However, according to statistics and research, about 50% of car owners in China are currently unable to install charging piles in their communities, mainly due to "selfless family parking Spaces" and "community property is not allowed".
Tong zongqi said that there are four main ways to solve the problem of charging in residential areas. One is unified construction and management. Developers should do a good job in planning and unified construction management when building new residential areas. Second, private pile sharing; Third, the community to build public charging facilities; Fourth, the construction of storage and charging station or storage and charging pile.
In the unified construction management and private pile sharing, many places have issued special supporting policies. The Beijing Municipal Commission of Urban Management has drafted a guideline on strengthening the construction and management of electric vehicle charging facilities in residential areas and is soliciting public opinion. According to the draft, the proportion of charging facilities in newly-built residential areas should be strictly implemented. The newly-built residential area project shall strictly comply with the planning and design standards to determine the proportion requirements or expected installation conditions for charging facilities, and include the construction of charging facilities in the project acceptance scope. The draft also said the city will speed up the construction of charging facilities in residential areas as well as provide power supporting services and encourage the shared use of self-use charging piles.
In the community construction of public charging facilities, many enterprises have made substantial progress. Dop (Suzhou) New Energy Technology Co., LTD. Chairman Kang Yong told reporters, since the establishment of the first DOp E station in November 2020, the company's relevant business development is very fast. So far, it has covered more than 400 middle and high-end communities across the country, and is expected to cover more than 2,000 communities by 2022. In this regard, Tong Zongqi said that the unified construction of community public piles by operators can not only effectively make up for the gap of private piles, but also convenient for car owners to charge nearby, which is worth promoting.
There is a public charging station near the South fourth Ring Road in Beijing, which mainly provides recharge service for neV in the surrounding Xinfadi market and several residential areas. Even in the early morning, the utilization rate is basically 100%.
Li Cheng, who lives nearby, often comes here to recharge his car. He told reporters that the overall feeling is that The distribution of charging piles in Beijing is relatively concentrated, with more charging piles in urban areas and less in suburbs, more charging piles in new facilities and less charging piles in old residential areas.
The centralized layout is not only the reality of Beijing, but also the distribution of public charging piles in China. From the perspective of alliance data, it is mainly reflected in two aspects, one is the regional concentration. Nationally, the number of public charging piles in the top 10 regions accounted for more than 70 percent. Another is the relative concentration of operators.
By the end of 2021, the number of public charging piles operated by the national charging operation enterprises is more than 100,000, there are four, namely Xing Xing, Xdian, State Grid and Cloud Kuaicharger. The total number of public charging piles of these four leading enterprises is 850,000, accounting for 74% of the total.
Special call new energy Co., Ltd. related person in charge of the introduction, so far, the company's cumulative charging capacity broke through 11 billion KWH. At the same time, China has built the country's largest Internet cloud platform for charging industry, which is connected to 350,000 charging piles, with an average daily charging capacity of 12 million KWH, and serves 15,000 enterprises.
Tong zongqi said that public charging can be divided into b-end vehicles and C-end private cars. B-end vehicles usually have their own charging stations or fixed charging stations, and this part of the charging problem has been basically solved. At present, the problem mainly focuses on the difficulty of charging people's own cars. This requires owners to plan in advance, but also need to gradually improve the relevant operating enterprises service.
The main energy supplement mode of new energy vehicles and electrical mode. In the past two years, the changing mode is heating up, even the battery head enterprise Ningde Times recently announced to enter the changing circuit.
By the end of 2021, the top 10 regions in China had 1,298 electric power stations, double the number in 2020. The top three operators are Nio, AoDONG and Hangzhou Botan. In the past year, NIO has significantly accelerated the construction of electrical changing stations, with an increment of 614 electrical changing stations in 2021.
At the policy level, electricity exchange also ushered in new good news. On February 10, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the National Energy Administration (NEA) issued opinions on Improving the Green and Low-carbon Energy Transition System, Policies and Measures, calling for improvement of clean energy alternative policies in the transportation sector. We will promote high-capacity electrified public transport and clean energy vehicles such as electric, hydrogen, advanced liquid biofuel and natural gas, improve the layout and service facilities of charging, hydrogenation and LNG stations, and reduce the cost of clean energy in transport.
Tong zongqi analyzed that, for enterprises, high construction and maintenance costs should be invested in electrical changing stations. In general, electrical switching may be more suitable for the commercial field and play a more supporting role in the C-end market.
Cui Dongshu also said that the switching mode can bring a good experience for high-end users and users in special scenarios such as mines. However, the disadvantages are also obvious, because the battery structure has little room to extend the freedom of vehicle design, so it is very difficult to fit all models.
Tong zongqi believes that different models have different travel scenarios, charging needs and charging infrastructure, so more attention should be paid to how to serve more car owners in charging scenarios.
"In general, with the rapid development of new energy vehicles, there are many new opportunities in the electric charging and replacement sector." Competition in some local charging systems is fierce, which to some extent will also promote the development of China's new energy vehicle industry, Cui said.